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## Math help

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### Math help

Hey friends,

I have to revisit an old code with this nasty formula: 0.0001^( SampleRate / ( 10^(( x-1)*4.307) - 4.925e-005 )*600 ), and I have to rewrite this in stream form, which will use way too much CPU because there are too many powers and a division. Are there any math wizards that can help me rewrite this in a much simpler form? It doesnt matter if there are some errors, as long as its close to it. The only variable is the 'x' and a samplerate input.

Thank you!
Attachments formula.fsm

Posts: 554
Joined: Sun Jul 11, 2010 7:21 am

### Re: Math help

Hi,

I might be able to help... BUT I have a few questions:

1) What are you calculating? Might be a more efficient way...
2) Otherwise is it just that EXACT formula?
3) What tolerances do you need? How exact does what you are calculating have to be...

Thank you,

Aron aronb

Posts: 133
Joined: Sun Apr 17, 2011 3:08 am
Location: Florida, USA

### Re: Math help

Try Simplify[0.0001^( f / ( 10^(( x-1)*4.307) - 4.925e-005 )*600 )] at https://www.wolframalpha.com/
juha_tp

Posts: 44
Joined: Fri Nov 09, 2018 10:37 pm

### Re: Math help

.
Last edited by MichaelBenjamin on Mon Sep 21, 2020 11:02 am, edited 1 time in total.
MichaelBenjamin

Posts: 276
Joined: Tue Jul 13, 2010 1:32 pm

### Re: Math help

What is the range for variable "x" ?
juha_tp

Posts: 44
Joined: Fri Nov 09, 2018 10:37 pm

### Re: Math help

Thanks guys. This is for a decay calculation on my envelope so it needs to be pretty accurate, but it depends on the formula on how much cpu I can save. The range for the x input is from 0-1 only.

Posts: 554
Joined: Sun Jul 11, 2010 7:21 am

### Re: Math help

The formula that is implemented in the schematic should read

0.0001^{1/[600*SampleRate*(10^4.307*(x - 1) - 4.925e-5)]}

For x in the range between 0 and 1, a reasonable approximation for 44.1k is

1 - (0.9939 + 2914*x)/(1 + x*(3102 + x*4356980))

Relative error is less than 1%. martinvicanek

Posts: 1122
Joined: Sat Jun 22, 2013 8:28 pm

### Re: Math help

Thanks Martin!

The sample rate variable must be dynamic however, as the synth will get the samerate from the DAW. I cannot set it as fixed. Any ideas what to do in that case?

Posts: 554
Joined: Sun Jul 11, 2010 7:21 am

### Re: Math help

The sample rate variable must be dynamic however, as the synth will get the samerate from the DAW. I cannot set it as fixed. Any ideas what to do in that case?
Derive the constants in Martin's equation once when the sample rate changes, then use the simplified equation thereafter?

Or maybe just look them up from a table: I suspect the number of different values for sample rate that you need to be able to deal with is rather small.
I keep a pair of oven mitts next to my computer so I don't get a concussion from slapping my forehead while I'm reading the responses to my questions.
deraudrl

Posts: 165
Joined: Thu Nov 28, 2019 9:12 pm
Location: SoCal

### Re: Math help

Forget my previous post. If the quantity of interest is the decay factor per sample, you need much more accuracy. I can offer the attached implementation using fast powers.
Attachments stream_formula.fsm 